|submitted by TradingStrategys to u/TradingStrategys [link] [comments]|
|submitted by TradingStrategys to u/TradingStrategys [link] [comments]|
|submitted by BitcoinTraderfx to CryptoNews [link] [comments]|
submitted by iGeorgeRobinson to HomeBusiness [link] [comments]
submitted by kayakero to makemoneyforexreddit [link] [comments]
Forex Signals - TOP Best Services. Checked!To invest in the financial markets, we must acquire good tools that help us carry out our operations in the best possible way. In this sense, we always talk about the importance of brokers, however, signal systems must also be taken into account.
The platforms that offer signals to invest in forex provide us with alerts that will help us in a significant way to be able to carry out successful operations.
For this reason, we are going to tell you about the importance of these alerts in relation to the trading we carry out, because, without a doubt, this type of system will provide us with very good information to invest at the right time and in the best assets in the different markets. financial
Within this context, we will focus on Forex signals, since it is the most important market in the world, since in it, multiple transactions are carried out on a daily basis, hence the importance of having an alert system that offers us all the necessary data to invest in currencies.
Also, as we all already know, cryptocurrencies have become a very popular alternative to investing in traditional currencies. Therefore, some trading services/tools have emerged that help us to carry out successful operations in this particular market.
In the following points, we will detail everything you need to know to start operating in the financial markets using trading signals: what are signals, how do they work, because they are a very powerful help, etc. Let's go there!
What are Forex Trading Signals?https://preview.redd.it/vjdnt1qrpny51.jpg?width=640&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=bc541fc996701e5b4dd940abed610b59456a5625
Before explaining the importance of Forex signals, let's start by making a small note so that we know what exactly these alerts are.
Thus, we will know that the signals on the currency market are received by traders to know all the information that concerns Forex, both for assets and for the market itself.
These alerts allow us to know the movements that occur in the Forex market and the changes that occur in the different currency pairs. But the great advantage that this type of system gives us is that they provide us with the necessary information, to know when is the right time to carry out our investments.
In other words, through these signals, we will know the opportunities that are presented in the market and we will be able to carry out operations that can become quite profitable.Profitability is precisely another of the fundamental aspects that must be taken into account when we talk about Forex signals since the vast majority of these alerts offer fairly reliable data on assets. Similarly, these signals can also provide us with recommendations or advice to make our operations more successful.
»Purpose: predict movements to carry out Profitable OperationsIn short, Forex signal systems aim to predict the behavior that the different assets that are in the market will present and this is achieved thanks to new technologies, the creation of specialized software, and of course, the work of financial experts.
In addition, it must also be borne in mind that the reliability of these alerts largely lies in the fact that they are prepared by financial professionals. So they turn out to be a perfect tool so that our investments can bring us a greater number of benefits.
The best signal services todayWe are going to tell you about the 3 main alert system services that we currently have on the market. There are many more, but I can assure these are not scams and are reliable. Of course, not 100% of trades will be a winner, so please make sure you apply proper money management and risk management system.
1. 1000pipbuilder (top choice)Fast track your success and follow the high-performance Forex signals from 1000pip Builder. These Forex signals are rated 5 stars on Investing.com, so you can follow every signal with confidence. All signals are sent by a professional trader with over 10 years investment experience. This is a unique opportunity to see with your own eyes how a professional Forex trader trades the markets.
The 1000pip Builder Membership is ordinarily a signal service for Forex trading. You will get all the facts you need to successfully comply with the trading signals, set your stop loss and take earnings as well as additional techniques and techniques!
You will get easy to use trading indicators for Forex Trades, including your entry, stop loss and take profit. Overall, the earnings target per months is 350 Pips, depending on your funding this can be a high profit per month! (In fact, there is by no means a guarantee, but the past months had been all between 600 – 1000 Pips).
>>>Know more about 1000pipbuilder
Your 1000pip builder membership gives you all in hand you want to start trading Forex with success. Read the directions and wait for the first signals. You can trade them inside your demo account first, so you can take a look at the performance before you make investments real money!
VISIT 1000ipbuilder here
2. DDMarketsDigital Derivatives Markets (DDMarkets) have been providing trade alert offerings since May 2014 - fully documenting their change ideas in an open and transparent manner.
September 2020 performance report for DD Markets.
Their manner is simple: carry out extensive research, share their evaluation and then deliver a trading sign when triggered. Once issued, daily updates on the trade are despatched to members via email.
It's essential to note that DDMarkets do not tolerate floating in an open drawdown in an effort to earnings at any cost - a common method used by less professional providers to 'fudge' performance statistics.
Verified Statistics: Not independently verified.
Price: plans from $74.40 per month.
Year Founded: 2014
Suitable for Beginners: Yes, (includes handy to follow trade analysis)
3. JKonFXIf you are looking or a forex signal service with a reliable (and profitable) music record you can't go previous Joel Kruger and the team at JKonFX.
Trading performance file for JKonFX.
Joel has delivered a reputable +59.18% journal performance for 2016, imparting real-time technical and fundamental insights, in an extremely obvious manner, to their 30,000+ subscriber base. Considered a low-frequency trader, alerts are only a small phase of the overall JKonFX subscription. If you're searching for hundreds of signals, you may want to consider other options.
Verified Statistics: Not independently verified.
Price: plans from $30 per month.
Year Founded: 2014
Suitable for Beginners: Yes, (includes convenient to follow videos updates).
The importance of signals to invest in ForexOnce we have known what Forex signals are, we must comment on the importance of these alerts in relation to our operations.
As we have already told you in the previous paragraph, having a system of signals to be able to invest is quite advantageous, since, through these alerts, we will obtain quality information so that our operations end up being a true success.
»Use of signals for beginners and expertsIn this sense, we have to say that one of the main advantages of Forex signals is that they can be used by both beginners and trading professionals.
As many as others can benefit from using a trading signal system because the more information and resources we have in our hands. The greater probability of success we will have. Let's see how beginners and experts can take advantage of alerts:
»Trading automationWhen we dedicate ourselves to working in the financial world, none of us can spend 24 hours in front of the computer waiting to perform the perfect operation, it is impossible.
That is why Forex signals are important, because, in order to carry out our investments, all we will have to do is wait for those signals to arrive, be attentive to all the alerts we receive, and thus, operate at the right time according to the opportunities that have arisen.
It is fantastic to have a tool like this one that makes our work easier in this regard.
»Carry out profitable Forex operationsThese signals are also important, because the vast majority of them are usually quite profitable, for this reason, we must get an alert system that provides us with accurate information so that our operations can bring us great benefits.
But in addition, these Forex signals have an added value and that is that they are very easy to understand, therefore, we will have a very useful tool at hand that will not be complicated and will end up being a very beneficial weapon for us.
»Decision support analysisA system of currency market signals is also very important because it will help us to make our subsequent decisions.
We cannot forget that, to carry out any type of operation in this market, previously, we must meditate well and know the exact moment when we will know that our investments are going to bring us profits .
Therefore, all the information provided by these alerts will be a fantastic basis for future operations that we are going to carry out.
»Trading Signals made by professionalsFinally, we have to recall the idea that these signals are made by the best professionals. Financial experts who know perfectly how to analyze the movements that occur in the market and changes in prices.
Hence the importance of alerts, since they are very reliable and are presented as a necessary tool to operate in Forex and that our operations are as profitable as possible.
What should a signal provider be like?https://preview.redd.it/j0ne51jypny51.png?width=640&format=png&auto=webp&s=5578ff4c42bd63d5b6950fc6401a5be94b97aa7f
As you have seen, Forex signal systems are really important for our operations to bring us many benefits. For this reason, at present, there are multiple platforms that offer us these financial services so that investing in currencies is very simple and fast.
Before telling you about the main services that we currently have available in the market, it is recommended that you know what are the main characteristics that a good signal provider should have, so that, at the time of your choice, you are clear that you have selected one of the best systems.
»Must send us information on the main currency pairsIn this sense, one of the first things we have to comment on is that a good signal provider, at a minimum, must send us alerts that offer us information about the 6 main currencies, in this case, we refer to the euro, dollar, The pound, the yen, the Swiss franc, and the Canadian dollar.
Of course, the data you provide us will be related to the pairs that make up all these currencies. Although we can also find systems that offer us information about other minorities, but as we have said, at a minimum, we must know these 6.
»Trading tools to operate betterLikewise, signal providers must also provide us with a large number of tools so that we can learn more about the Forex market.
We refer, for example, to technical analysis above all, which will help us to develop our own strategies to be able to operate in this market.These analyzes are always prepared by professionals and study, mainly, the assets that we have available to invest.
»Different Forex signals reception channelsThey must also make available to us different ways through which they will send us the Forex signals, the usual thing is that we can acquire them through the platform's website, or by a text message and even through our email.
In addition, it is recommended that the signal system we choose sends us a large number of alerts throughout the day, in order to have a wide range of possibilities.
»Free account and customer serviceOther aspects that we must take into account to choose a good signal provider is whether we have the option of receiving, for a limited time, alerts for free or the profitability of the signals they emit to us.
Similarly, a final aspect that we must emphasize is that a good signal system must also have excellent customer service, which is available to us 24 hours a day and that we can contact them at through an email, a phone number, or a live chat, for greater immediacy.
Well, having said all this, in our last section we are going to tell you which are the best services currently on the market. That is, the most suitable Forex signal platforms to be able to work with them and carry out good operations. In this case, we will talk about ForexPro Signals, 365 Signals and Binary Signals.
Forex Signals Reddit: conclusionTo be able to invest properly in the Forex market, it is convenient that we get a signal system that provides us with all the necessary information about this market. It must be remembered that Forex is a very volatile market and therefore, many movements tend to occur quickly.
Asset prices can change in a matter of seconds, hence the importance of having a system that helps us analyze the market and thus know, what is the right time for us to start operating.
Therefore, although there are currently many signal systems that can offer us good services, the three that we have mentioned above are the ones that are best valued by users, which is why they are the best signal providers that we can choose to carry out. our investments.
Most of these alerts are quite profitable and in addition, these systems usually emit a large number of signals per day with full guarantees. For all this, SignalsForexPro, Signals365, or SignalsBinary are presented as fundamental tools so that we can obtain a greater number of benefits when we carry out our operations in the currency market.
submitted by Babyelijah to u/Babyelijah [link] [comments]
Binary Options Review; Best Binary Options Brokers
We have compared the best regulated binary options brokers and platforms in May 2020 and created this top list. Every binary options company here has been personally reviewed by us to help you find the best binary options platform for both beginners and experts. The broker comparison list below shows which binary trading sites came out on top based on different criteria.
You can put different trading signals into consideration such as using payout (maximum returns), minimum deposit, bonus offers, or if the operator is regulated or not. You can also read full reviews of each broker, helping you make the best choice. This review is to ensure traders don't lose money in their trading account.
How to Compare Brokers and Platforms
In order to trade binary options, you need to engage the services of a binary options broker that accepts clients from your country e.g. check US trade requirements if you are in the United States. Here at bitcoinbinaryoptionsreview.com, we have provided all the best comparison factors that will help you select which trading broker to open an account with. We have also looked at our most popular or frequently asked questions, and have noted that these are important factors when traders are comparing different brokers:
Regulation and licensing is a key factor when judging the best broker. Unregulated brokers are not always scams, or untrustworthy, but it does mean a trader must do more ‘due diligence’ before trading with them. A regulated broker is the safest option.
Regulators - Leading regulatory bodies include:
Regulation is there to protect traders, to ensure their money is correctly held and to give them a path to take in the event of a dispute. It should therefore be an important consideration when choosing a trading partner.
Bonuses - Both sign up bonuses and demo accounts are used to attract new clients. Bonuses are often a deposit match, a one-off payment, or risk-free trade. Whatever the form of a bonus, there are terms and conditions that need to be read.
It is worth taking the time to understand those terms before signing up or clicking accept on a bonus offer. If the terms are not to your liking then the bonus loses any attraction and that broker may not be the best choice. Some bonus terms tie in your initial deposit too. It is worth reading T&Cs before agreeing to any bonus, and worth noting that many brokers will give you the option to ‘opt-out’ of taking a bonus.
Using a bonus effectively is harder than it sounds. If considering taking up one of these offers, think about whether, and how, it might affect your trading. One common issue is that turnover requirements within the terms, often cause traders to ‘over-trade’. If the bonus does not suit you, turn it down.
How to Find the Right Broker
But how do you find a good broker? Well, that’s where BitcoinBinaryOptionsReview.com comes in. We assess and evaluate binary options brokers so that traders know exactly what to expect when signing up with them. Our financial experts have more than 20 years of experience in the financial business and have reviewed dozens of brokers.
Being former traders ourselves, we know precisely what you need. That’s why we’ll do our best to provide our readers with the most accurate information. We are one of the leading websites in this area of expertise, with very detailed and thorough analyses of every broker we encounter. You will notice that each aspect of any broker’s offer has a separate article about it, which just goes to show you how seriously we approach each company. This website is your best source of information about binary options brokers and one of your best tools in determining which one of them you want as your link to the binary options market.
Why Use a Binary Options Trading Review?
So, why is all this relevant? As you may already know, it is difficult to fully control things that take place online. There are people who only pose as binary options brokers in order to scam you and disappear with your money. True, most of the brokers we encounter turn out to be legit, but why take unnecessary risks?
Just let us do our job and then check out the results before making any major decisions. All our investigations regarding brokers’ reliability can be seen if you click on our Scam Tab, so give it a go and see how we operate. More detailed scam reports than these are simply impossible to find. However, the most important part of this website can be found if you go to our Brokers Tab.
There you can find extensive analyses of numerous binary options brokers irrespective of your trading strategy. Each company is represented with an all-encompassing review and several other articles dealing with various aspects of their offer. A list containing the very best choices will appear on your screen as you enter our website whose intuitive design will allow you to access all the most important information in real-time.
We will explain minimum deposits, money withdrawals, bonuses, trading platforms, and many more topics down to the smallest detail. Rest assured, this amount of high-quality content dedicated exclusively to trading cannot be found anywhere else. Therefore, visiting us before making any important decisions regarding this type of trading is the best thing to do.
CONCLUSION: Stay ahead of the market, and recover from all kinds of binary options trading loss, including market losses in bitcoin, cryptocurrency, and forex markets too. Send your request via email to - [email protected]
pyinstaller --log-level DEBUG beforeLogin.pyWhen I try and run the executable created using command line I get:
Traceback (most recent call last): File "beforeLogin.py", line 2, inI am not sure how to build my own .spec file but here is the one created by pyinstaller:
ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'wmi'  Failed to execute script beforeLogin
# -*- mode: python ; coding: utf-8 -*- block_cipher = None a = Analysis(['beforeLogin.py'], pathex=['C:\\Users\\prana\\Desktop\\GUIApp'], binaries=, datas=, hiddenimports=, hookspath=, runtime_hooks=, excludes=, win_no_prefer_redirects=False, win_private_assemblies=False, cipher=block_cipher, noarchive=False) pyz = PYZ(a.pure, a.zipped_data, cipher=block_cipher) exe = EXE(pyz, a.scripts, , exclude_binaries=True, name='beforeLogin', debug=False, bootloader_ignore_signals=False, strip=False, upx=True, console=True ) coll = COLLECT(exe, a.binaries, a.zipfiles, a.datas, strip=False, upx=True, upx_exclude=, name='beforeLogin')My warn-beforeLogin.txt located in GUIApp\build\beforeLogin :
This file lists modules PyInstaller was not able to find. This does not necessarily mean this module is required for running you program. Python and Python 3rd-party packages include a lot of conditional or optional modules. For example the module 'ntpath' only exists on Windows, whereas the module 'posixpath' only exists on Posix systems. Types if import: * top-level: imported at the top-level - look at these first * conditional: imported within an if-statement * delayed: imported from within a function * optional: imported within a try-except-statement IMPORTANT: Do NOT post this list to the issue-tracker. Use it as a basis for yourself tracking down the missing module. Thanks! missing module named 'multiprocessing.forking' - imported by C:\Users\prana\AppData\Local\Programs\Python\Python38\Lib\site-packages\PyInstaller\loader\rthooks\pyi_rth_multiprocessing.py (optional) missing module named 'org.python' - imported by copy (optional), xml.sax (delayed, conditional) missing module named _frozen_importlib_external - imported by importlib._bootstrap (delayed), importlib (optional), importlib.abc (optional), zipimport (top-level) excluded module named _frozen_importlib - imported by importlib (optional), importlib.abc (optional), zipimport (top-level) missing module named _posixshmem - imported by multiprocessing.resource_tracker (conditional), multiprocessing.shared_memory (conditional) missing module named asyncio.DefaultEventLoopPolicy - imported by asyncio (delayed, conditional), asyncio.events (delayed, conditional) missing module named termios - imported by tty (top-level), getpass (optional) missing module named vms_lib - imported by platform (delayed, conditional, optional) missing module named 'java.lang' - imported by platform (delayed, optional), xml.sax._exceptions (conditional) missing module named java - imported by platform (delayed) missing module named _winreg - imported by platform (delayed, optional) missing module named readline - imported by cmd (delayed, conditional, optional), code (delayed, conditional, optional), pdb (delayed, optional) missing module named org - imported by pickle (optional) missing module named posix - imported by os (conditional, optional), shutil (conditional) missing module named resource - imported by posix (top-level), test.support (optional) missing module named grp - imported by shutil (optional), tarfile (optional), pathlib (delayed) missing module named pwd - imported by posixpath (delayed, conditional), shutil (optional), tarfile (optional), pathlib (delayed, conditional, optional), http.server (delayed, optional), webbrowser (delayed), netrc (delayed, conditional), getpass (delayed), distutils.util (delayed, conditional, optional) missing module named _scproxy - imported by urllib.request (conditional) missing module named multiprocessing.get_context - imported by multiprocessing (top-level), multiprocessing.pool (top-level), multiprocessing.managers (top-level), multiprocessing.sharedctypes (top-level) missing module named multiprocessing.TimeoutError - imported by multiprocessing (top-level), multiprocessing.pool (top-level) missing module named multiprocessing.BufferTooShort - imported by multiprocessing (top-level), multiprocessing.connection (top-level) missing module named multiprocessing.AuthenticationError - imported by multiprocessing (top-level), multiprocessing.connection (top-level) missing module named win32evtlog - imported by logging.handlers (delayed, optional) missing module named win32evtlogutil - imported by logging.handlers (delayed, optional) missing module named _posixsubprocess - imported by subprocess (optional), multiprocessing.util (delayed) missing module named multiprocessing.set_start_method - imported by multiprocessing (top-level), multiprocessing.spawn (top-level) missing module named multiprocessing.get_start_method - imported by multiprocessing (top-level), multiprocessing.spawn (top-level) missing module named requests - imported by captureImage (top-level), loggedIn (top-level), login (top-level) missing module named 'selenium.common' - imported by webAutomate (top-level) missing module named selenium - imported by webAutomate (top-level) missing module named schedule - imported by webcamPic (top-level), loggedIn (top-level) missing module named win32api - imported by preventSleep (top-level) missing module named pyautogui - imported by captureImage (top-level), preventSleep (top-level) missing module named PIL - imported by captureImage (top-level) missing module named numpy - imported by captureImage (top-level) missing module named cv2 - imported by webcamPic (top-level), captureImage (top-level) missing module named wmi - imported by C:\Users\prana\Desktop\GUIApp\beforeLogin.py (top-level)Could anyone please help me fix this error? Please let me know if there is anything else I can provide to assist with the debugging.
submitted by heximal2A to factorio [link] [comments]
What do you want this factory to produce? Yes.Multi Assembler in current multiplayer session
tl;dr;I wanted to tinker around with the microcontroller mod and i "hate" the pre robotics gameplay when it comes to non bulk recipes (laser turrets, production buildings, specialized ammo...), handcrafting is slow, automation is tedious - so i engineered an factory design to produce virtually any recipe dynamically.
Demo VideoThe production queue can be seen on the right with Q being the number of recipes queued at the moment.
How does it work?This screenshot provides an overview of the mostly vanilla proof of concept, only the microcontroller mod and the recipe combinator mod are required here.
Source of raw resources (Iron, Wood...)
Dynamic assemblers with one microcontroller and two recipe combinators each, one reading the assemblers status, the other one setting the recipe delivered by the microcontroller, which in turn gets the recipe from the "wanted recipes" red signal network connecting the different subsystems.
Multi Assembler Microcontroller Code explained
Defines what recipes can be produced based on the given resources and the recipes configured in the "production targets" constant combinators.In essence this subsystem will emit a constant signal of "1" for each recipe which a.) should and b.) can be produced to the red multi assembler network.
At the moment this subsystem is rather basic and can be improved upon (see quirks and remarks).
Recipe Logic Microcontroller Code (TOP) explained
Add the recipes you want the Multi Assembler to produce here. The quantity defines the production target.
Missing Resource Indicator
Will flash red if any resources required to produce an recipe are missing in the steel chest of the multi assembler.The missing resources are shown as positive values in the combinator to the right of the flashing light.
Production Queue Visualizer
Optional component, simply visualizes the amount of the currently queued recipes.
Download & BlueprintsSee my post at https://forums.factorio.com/viewtopic.php?f=8&t=85141
I am new to reddit and couldn't figure out an way to post them here without adding way to many lines to this post, maybe someone can enlighten me if there is some kind of "single line code" option?
PS: I am not a native speaker, if you need clarification on some parts feel free to ask.
amcrest: - host: 192.168.1.49 username: admin password: **** name: "Amcrest Back Yard" stream_source: rtsp resolution: low scan_interval: 10 binary_sensors: - motion_detected - onlineAll the cameras seem to work fine for the most part unless I'm trying to show the live stream of more than 3 at a time on a lovelace page. If I do that the framerate drops way way down. Probably an ffmpeg limitation. Anyway, I decided to try using these with Deepstack (https://github.com/robmarkcole/HASS-Deepstack-object) for object detection. At this point I've just set up some test entities to look for stuff like cats, cars, etc to see how it works.
image_processing: - platform: deepstack_object ip_address: 192.168.1.197 port: 5000 api_key: Mysecretkey scan_interval: 15 # Optional, in seconds save_file_folder: /config/www/deepstack/ target: cat confidence: 30 source: - entity_id: camera.amcrest_billiards_room name: cats_in_billiards_roomSo here is the issue. Some of them seem to work fine, but I am getting a bunch of different random errors in my logs.
2020-01-27 10:16:48 ERROR (MainThread) [homeassistant.components.image_processing] Error on receive image from entity: Unable to get image 2020-01-27 10:16:54 ERROR (MainThread) [homeassistant.components.image_processing] Error on receive image from entity: Camera is off 2020-01-27 10:17:02 WARNING (SyncWorker_36) [amcrest.http]Just all kinds of random stuff and no way that I can see which camera it is talking about (except for the amcrest error with the front door camera)... I'm just trying to get an idea of what the problem is. When I look at the states, some of the image_processing entities stay pretty solidly as the number value that it should be. Some of them fluctuate between 'unknown' and the number, and some just stay on 'unknown' forever. For example my 'people_at_front_door' entity has never worked once, which is frustrating because that is the most important one.
Trying again due to error: HTTPError('500 Server Error: Internal Server Error for url: http://192.168.1.61:80/cgi-bin/snapshot.cgi')
March 07, 2017submitted by CuteBananaMuffin to conspiracy [link] [comments]
from Wikileaks Website
Today, Tuesday 7 March 2017, WikiLeaks begins its new series of leaks on the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.
Code-named "Vault 7" by WikiLeaks, it is the largest ever publication of confidential documents on the agency.
The first full part of the series, "Year Zero", comprises 8,761 documents and files from an isolated, high-security network situated inside the CIA's Center for Cyber Intelligence (below image) in Langley, Virgina.
It follows an introductory disclosure last month of CIA targeting French political parties and candidates in the lead up to the 2012 presidential election.
Recently, the CIA lost control of the majority of its hacking arsenal including,
...and associated documentation.
This extraordinary collection, which amounts to more than several hundred million lines of code, gives its possessor the entire hacking capacity of the CIA.
The archive appears to have been circulated among former U.S. government hackers and contractors in an unauthorized manner, one of whom has provided WikiLeaks with portions of the archive.
"Year Zero" introduces the scope and direction of the CIA's global covert hacking program, its malware arsenal and dozens of "zero day" weaponized exploits against a wide range of U.S. and European company products, include,
...which are turned into covert microphones.
Since 2001 the CIA has gained political and budgetary preeminence over the U.S. National Security Agency (NSA).
The CIA found itself building not just its now infamous drone fleet, but a very different type of covert, globe-spanning force - its own substantial fleet of hackers.
The agency's hacking division freed it from having to disclose its often controversial operations to the NSA (its primary bureaucratic rival) in order to draw on the NSA's hacking capacities.
By the end of 2016, the CIA's hacking division, which formally falls under the agency's Center for Cyber Intelligence (CCI - below image), had over 5000 registered users and had produced more than a thousand,
hacking systems trojans viruses,...and other "weaponized" malware.
Such is the scale of the CIA's undertaking that by 2016, its hackers had utilized more codes than those used to run Facebook.
The CIA had created, in effect, its "own NSA" with even less accountability and without publicly answering the question as to whether such a massive budgetary spend on duplicating the capacities of a rival agency could be justified.
In a statement to WikiLeaks the source details policy questions that they say urgently need to be debated in public, including whether the CIA's hacking capabilities exceed its mandated powers and the problem of public oversight of the agency.
The source wishes to initiate a public debate about the security, creation, use, proliferation and democratic control of cyberweapons.
Once a single cyber 'weapon' is 'loose' it can spread around the world in seconds, to be used by rival states, cyber mafia and teenage hackers alike.
Julian Assange, WikiLeaks editor stated that,
"There is an extreme proliferation risk in the development of cyber 'weapons'.Comparisons can be drawn between the uncontrolled proliferation of such 'weapons', which results from the inability to contain them combined with their high market value, and the global arms trade.
But the significance of 'Year Zero' goes well beyond the choice between cyberwar and cyberpeace. The disclosure is also exceptional from a political, legal and forensic perspective."
Wikileaks has carefully reviewed the "Year Zero" disclosure and published substantive CIA documentation while avoiding the distribution of 'armed' cyberweapons until a consensus emerges on the technical and political nature of the CIA's program and how such 'weapons' should analyzed, disarmed and published.
Wikileaks has also decided to Redact (see far below) and Anonymize some identifying information in "Year Zero" for in depth analysis. These redactions include ten of thousands of CIA targets and attack machines throughout,
Latin America Europe the United States
While we are aware of the imperfect results of any approach chosen, we remain committed to our publishing model and note that the quantity of published pages in "Vault 7" part one ("Year Zero") already eclipses the total number of pages published over the first three years of the Edward Snowden NSA leaks.
AnalysisCIA malware targets iPhone, Android, smart TVs
CIA malware and hacking tools are built by EDG (Engineering Development Group), a software development group within CCI (Center for Cyber Intelligence), a department belonging to the CIA's DDI (Directorate for Digital Innovation).
The DDI is one of the five major directorates of the CIA (see above image of the CIA for more details).
The EDG is responsible for the development, testing and operational support of all backdoors, exploits, malicious payloads, trojans, viruses and any other kind of malware used by the CIA in its covert operations world-wide.
The increasing sophistication of surveillance techniques has drawn comparisons with George Orwell's 1984, but "Weeping Angel", developed by the CIA's Embedded Devices Branch (EDB), which infests smart TVs, transforming them into covert microphones, is surely its most emblematic realization.
The attack against Samsung smart TVs was developed in cooperation with the United Kingdom's MI5/BTSS.
After infestation, Weeping Angel places the target TV in a 'Fake-Off' mode, so that the owner falsely believes the TV is off when it is on. In 'Fake-Off' mode the TV operates as a bug, recording conversations in the room and sending them over the Internet to a covert CIA server.
As of October 2014 the CIA was also looking at infecting the vehicle control systems used by modern cars and trucks. The purpose of such control is not specified, but it would permit the CIA to engage in nearly undetectable assassinations.
The CIA's Mobile Devices Branch (MDB) developed numerous attacks to remotely hack and control popular smart phones. Infected phones can be instructed to send the CIA the user's geolocation, audio and text communications as well as covertly activate the phone's camera and microphone.
Despite iPhone's minority share (14.5%) of the global smart phone market in 2016, a specialized unit in the CIA's Mobile Development Branch produces malware to infest, control and exfiltrate data from iPhones and other Apple products running iOS, such as iPads.
CIA's arsenal includes numerous local and remote "zero days" developed by CIA or obtained from GCHQ, NSA, FBI or purchased from cyber arms contractors such as Baitshop.
The disproportionate focus on iOS may be explained by the popularity of the iPhone among social, political, diplomatic and business elites.
A similar unit targets Google's Android which is used to run the majority of the world's smart phones (~85%) including Samsung, HTC and Sony. 1.15 billion Android powered phones were sold last year.
"Year Zero" shows that as of 2016 the CIA had 24 "weaponized" Android "zero days" which it has developed itself and obtained from GCHQ, NSA and cyber arms contractors.
These techniques permit the CIA to bypass the encryption of, WhatsApp
CIA malware targets Windows, OSx, Linux, routers
The CIA also runs a very substantial effort to infect and control Microsoft Windows users with its malware.
This includes multiple local and remote weaponized "zero days", air gap jumping viruses such as "Hammer Drill" which infects software distributed on CD/DVDs, infectors for removable media such as USBs, systems to hide data in images or in covert disk areas ("Brutal Kangaroo") and to keep its malware infestations going.
Many of these infection efforts are pulled together by the CIA's Automated Implant Branch (AIB), which has developed several attack systems for automated infestation and control of CIA malware, such as "Assassin" and "Medusa".
Attacks against Internet infrastructure and webservers are developed by the CIA's Network Devices Branch (NDB).
The CIA has developed automated multi-platform malware attack and control systems covering Windows, Mac OS X, Solaris, Linux and more, such as EDB's "HIVE" and the related "Cutthroat" and "Swindle" tools, which are described in the examples section far below.
CIA 'hoarded' vulnerabilities ("zero days")
In the wake of Edward Snowden's leaks about the NSA, the U.S. technology industry secured a commitment from the Obama administration that the executive would disclose on an ongoing basis - rather than hoard - serious vulnerabilities, exploits, bugs or "zero days" to Apple, Google, Microsoft, and other US-based manufacturers.
Serious vulnerabilities not disclosed to the manufacturers places huge swathes of the population and critical infrastructure at risk to foreign intelligence or cyber criminals who independently discover or hear rumors of the vulnerability.
If the CIA can discover such vulnerabilities so can others.
The U.S. government's commitment to the Vulnerabilities Equities Process came after significant lobbying by US technology companies, who risk losing their share of the global market over real and perceived hidden vulnerabilities.
The government stated that it would disclose all pervasive vulnerabilities discovered after 2010 on an ongoing basis.
"Year Zero" documents show that the CIA breached the Obama administration's commitments. Many of the vulnerabilities used in the CIA's cyber arsenal are pervasive and some may already have been found by rival intelligence agencies or cyber criminals.
As an example, specific CIA malware revealed in "Year Zero" is able to penetrate, infest and control both the Android phone and iPhone software that runs or has run presidential Twitter accounts.
The CIA attacks this software by using undisclosed security vulnerabilities ("zero days") possessed by the CIA but if the CIA can hack these phones then so can everyone else who has obtained or discovered the vulnerability.
As long as the CIA keeps these vulnerabilities concealed from Apple and Google (who make the phones) they will not be fixed, and the phones will remain hackable.
The same vulnerabilities exist for the population at large, including the U.S. Cabinet, Congress, top CEOs, system administrators, security officers and engineers.
By hiding these security flaws from manufacturers like Apple and Google the CIA ensures that it can hack everyone at the expense of leaving everyone hackable.
'Cyberwar' programs are a serious proliferation risk
Cyber 'weapons' are not possible to keep under effective control.
While nuclear proliferation has been restrained by the enormous costs and visible infrastructure involved in assembling enough fissile material to produce a critical nuclear mass, cyber 'weapons', once developed, are very hard to retain.
Cyber 'weapons' are in fact just computer programs which can be pirated like any other. Since they are entirely comprised of information they can be copied quickly with no marginal cost.
Securing such 'weapons' is particularly difficult since the same people who develop and use them have the skills to exfiltrate copies without leaving traces - sometimes by using the very same 'weapons' against the organizations that contain them.
There are substantial price incentives for government hackers and consultants to obtain copies since there is a global "vulnerability market" that will pay hundreds of thousands to millions of dollars for copies of such 'weapons'.
Similarly, contractors and companies who obtain such 'weapons' sometimes use them for their own purposes, obtaining advantage over their competitors in selling 'hacking' services.
Over the last three years the United States intelligence sector, which consists of government agencies such as the CIA and NSA and their contractors, such as Booz Allan Hamilton, has been subject to unprecedented series of data exfiltrations by its own workers.
A number of intelligence community members not yet publicly named have been arrested or subject to federal criminal investigations in separate incidents.
Most visibly, on February 8, 2017 a U.S. federal grand jury indicted Harold T. Martin III with 20 counts of mishandling classified information.
The Department of Justice alleged that it seized some 50,000 gigabytes of information from Harold T. Martin III that he had obtained from classified programs at NSA and CIA, including the source code for numerous hacking tools.
Once a single cyber 'weapon' is 'loose' it can spread around the world in seconds, to be used by peer states, cyber mafia and teenage hackers alike.
U.S. Consulate in Frankfurt is a covert CIA hacker base
In addition to its operations in Langley, Virginia the CIA also uses the U.S. consulate in Frankfurt as a covert base for its hackers covering Europe, the Middle East and Africa.
CIA hackers operating out of the Frankfurt consulate ("Center for Cyber Intelligence Europe" or CCIE) are given diplomatic ("black") passports and State Department cover.
The instructions for incoming CIA hackers make Germany's counter-intelligence efforts appear inconsequential: "Breeze through German Customs because you have your cover-for-action story down pat, and all they did was stamp your passport" Your Cover Story (for this trip) Q: Why are you here? A: Supporting technical consultations at the Consulate. Two earlier WikiLeaks publications give further detail on CIA approaches to customs and secondary screening procedures.
Once in Frankfurt CIA hackers can travel without further border checks to the 25 European countries that are part of the Shengen open border area - including France, Italy and Switzerland.
A number of the CIA's electronic attack methods are designed for physical proximity.
These attack methods are able to penetrate high security networks that are disconnected from the internet, such as police record database. In these cases, a CIA officer, agent or allied intelligence officer acting under instructions, physically infiltrates the targeted workplace.
The attacker is provided with a USB containing malware developed for the CIA for this purpose, which is inserted into the targeted computer. The attacker then infects and exfiltrates data to removable media.
For example, the CIA attack system Fine Dining, provides 24 decoy applications for CIA spies to use.
To witnesses, the spy appears to be running a program showing videos (e.g VLC), presenting slides (Prezi), playing a computer game (Breakout2, 2048) or even running a fake virus scanner (Kaspersky, McAfee, Sophos).
But while the decoy application is on the screen, the underlying system is automatically infected and ransacked.
How the CIA dramatically increased proliferation risks
In what is surely one of the most astounding intelligence own goals in living memory, the CIA structured its classification regime such that for the most market valuable part of "Vault 7", the CIA's, weaponized malware (implants + zero days) Listening Posts (LP) Command and Control (C2) systems, ...the agency has little legal recourse.
The CIA made these systems unclassified.
Why the CIA chose to make its cyber-arsenal unclassified reveals how concepts developed for military use do not easily crossover to the 'battlefield' of cyber 'war'.
To attack its targets, the CIA usually requires that its implants communicate with their control programs over the internet.
If CIA implants, Command & Control and Listening Post software were classified, then CIA officers could be prosecuted or dismissed for violating rules that prohibit placing classified information onto the Internet.
Consequently the CIA has secretly made most of its cyber spying/war code unclassified. The U.S. government is not able to assert copyright either, due to restrictions in the U.S. Constitution.
This means that cyber 'arms' manufactures and computer hackers can freely "pirate" these 'weapons' if they are obtained. The CIA has primarily had to rely on obfuscation to protect its malware secrets.
Conventional weapons such as missiles may be fired at the enemy (i.e. into an unsecured area). Proximity to or impact with the target detonates the ordnance including its classified parts. Hence military personnel do not violate classification rules by firing ordnance with classified parts.
Ordnance will likely explode. If it does not, that is not the operator's intent.
Over the last decade U.S. hacking operations have been increasingly dressed up in military jargon to tap into Department of Defense funding streams.
For instance, attempted "malware injections" (commercial jargon) or "implant drops" (NSA jargon) are being called "fires" as if a weapon was being fired.
However the analogy is questionable.
Unlike bullets, bombs or missiles, most CIA malware is designed to live for days or even years after it has reached its 'target'. CIA malware does not "explode on impact" but rather permanently infests its target. In order to infect target's device, copies of the malware must be placed on the target's devices, giving physical possession of the malware to the target.
To exfiltrate data back to the CIA or to await further instructions the malware must communicate with CIA Command & Control (C2) systems placed on internet connected servers.
But such servers are typically not approved to hold classified information, so CIA command and control systems are also made unclassified.
A successful 'attack' on a target's computer system is more like a series of complex stock maneuvers in a hostile take-over bid or the careful planting of rumors in order to gain control over an organization's leadership rather than the firing of a weapons system.
If there is a military analogy to be made, the infestation of a target is perhaps akin to the execution of a whole series of military maneuvers against the target's territory including observation, infiltration, occupation and exploitation.
Evading forensics and anti-virus
A series of standards lay out CIA malware infestation patterns which are likely to assist forensic crime scene investigators as well as, Apple
"Tradecraft DO's and DON'Ts" contains CIA rules on how its malware should be written to avoid fingerprints implicating the "CIA, US government, or its witting partner companies" in "forensic review".
Similar secret standards cover the, use of encryption to hide CIA hacker and malware communication (pdf) describing targets & exfiltrated data (pdf) executing payloads (pdf) persisting (pdf), ...in the target's machines over time.
CIA hackers developed successful attacks against most well known anti-virus programs.
These are documented in, AV defeats Personal Security Products Detecting and defeating PSPs PSP/DebuggeRE Avoidance For example, Comodo was defeated by CIA malware placing itself in the Window's "Recycle Bin". While Comodo 6.x has a "Gaping Hole of DOOM".
CIA hackers discussed what the NSA's "Equation Group" hackers did wrong and how the CIA's malware makers could avoid similar exposure.
ExamplesThe CIA's Engineering Development Group (EDG) management system contains around 500 different projects (only some of which are documented by "Year Zero") each with their own sub-projects, malware and hacker tools.
The majority of these projects relate to tools that are used for,
penetration infestation ("implanting") control exfiltrationAnother branch of development focuses on the development and operation of Listening Posts (LP) and Command and Control (C2) systems used to communicate with and control CIA implants.
Special projects are used to target specific hardware from routers to smart TVs.
Some example projects are described below, but see the table of contents for the full list of projects described by WikiLeaks' "Year Zero".
The CIA's hand crafted hacking techniques pose a problem for the agency.
Each technique it has created forms a "fingerprint" that can be used by forensic investigators to attribute multiple different attacks to the same entity.
This is analogous to finding the same distinctive knife wound on multiple separate murder victims. The unique wounding style creates suspicion that a single murderer is responsible.
As soon one murder in the set is solved then the other murders also find likely attribution.
The CIA's Remote Devices Branch's UMBRAGE group collects and maintains a substantial library of attack techniques 'stolen' from malware produced in other states including the Russian Federation.
With UMBRAGE and related projects the CIA cannot only increase its total number of attack types but also misdirect attribution by leaving behind the "fingerprints" of the groups that the attack techniques were stolen from.
UMBRAGE components cover,
Fine Dining comes with a standardized questionnaire i.e menu that CIA case officers fill out.
The questionnaire is used by the agency's OSB (Operational Support Branch) to transform the requests of case officers into technical requirements for hacking attacks (typically "exfiltrating" information from computer systems) for specific operations.
The questionnaire allows the OSB to identify how to adapt existing tools for the operation, and communicate this to CIA malware configuration staff.
The OSB functions as the interface between CIA operational staff and the relevant technical support staff.
Among the list of possible targets of the collection are,
The 'menu' also asks for information if recurring access to the target is possible and how long unobserved access to the computer can be maintained.
This information is used by the CIA's 'JQJIMPROVISE' software (see below) to configure a set of CIA malware suited to the specific needs of an operation.
HIVE is a multi-platform CIA malware suite and its associated control software.
The project provides customizable implants for Windows, Solaris, MikroTik (used in internet routers) and Linux platforms and a Listening Post (LP)/Command and Control (C2) infrastructure to communicate with these implants.
The implants are configured to communicate via HTTPS with the webserver of a cover domain; each operation utilizing these implants has a separate cover domain and the infrastructure can handle any number of cover domains.
Each cover domain resolves to an IP address that is located at a commercial VPS (Virtual Private Server) provider.
The public-facing server forwards all incoming traffic via a VPN to a 'Blot' server that handles actual connection requests from clients.
It is setup for optional SSL client authentication: if a client sends a valid client certificate (only implants can do that), the connection is forwarded to the 'Honeycomb' toolserver that communicates with the implant.
If a valid certificate is missing (which is the case if someone tries to open the cover domain website by accident), the traffic is forwarded to a cover server that delivers an unsuspicious looking website.
The Honeycomb toolserver receives exfiltrated information from the implant; an operator can also task the implant to execute jobs on the target computer, so the toolserver acts as a C2 (command and control) server for the implant.
Similar functionality (though limited to Windows) is provided by the RickBobby project.
See the classified user and developer guides for HIVE.
Frequently Asked Questions
Why now?WikiLeaks published as soon as its verification and analysis were ready. In February the Trump administration has issued an Executive Order calling for a "Cyberwar" review to be prepared within 30 days.
While the review increases the timeliness and relevance of the publication it did not play a role in setting the publication date.
Names, email addresses and external IP addresses have been redacted in the released pages (70,875 redactions in total) until further analysis is complete. Over-redaction: Some items may have been redacted that are not employees, contractors, targets or otherwise related to the agency, but are, for example, authors of documentation for otherwise public projects that are used by the agency.
Identity vs. person: the redacted names are replaced by user IDs (numbers) to allow readers to assign multiple pages to a single author. Given the redaction process used a single person may be represented by more than one assigned identifier but no identifier refers to more than one real person.
Archive attachments (zip, tar.gz, ...), are replaced with a PDF listing all the file names in the archive. As the archive content is assessed it may be made available; until then the archive is redacted.
Attachments with other binary content, are replaced by a hex dump of the content to prevent accidental invocation of binaries that may have been infected with weaponized CIA malware. As the content is assessed it may be made available; until then the content is redacted.
Tens of thousands of routable IP addresses references, (including more than 22 thousand within the United States) that correspond to possible targets, CIA covert listening post servers, intermediary and test systems, are redacted for further exclusive investigation.
Binary files of non-public origin, are only available as dumps to prevent accidental invocation of CIA malware infected binaries.
The organizational chart (far above image) corresponds to the material published by WikiLeaks so far.
Since the organizational structure of the CIA below the level of Directorates is not public, the placement of the EDG and its branches within the org chart of the agency is reconstructed from information contained in the documents released so far.
It is intended to be used as a rough outline of the internal organization; please be aware that the reconstructed org chart is incomplete and that internal reorganizations occur frequently.
"Year Zero" contains 7818 web pages with 943 attachments from the internal development groupware. The software used for this purpose is called Confluence, a proprietary software from Atlassian.
Webpages in this system (like in Wikipedia) have a version history that can provide interesting insights on how a document evolved over time; the 7818 documents include these page histories for 1136 latest versions.
The order of named pages within each level is determined by date (oldest first). Page content is not present if it was originally dynamically created by the Confluence software (as indicated on the re-constructed page).
What time period is covered?
The years 2013 to 2016. The sort order of the pages within each level is determined by date (oldest first).
WikiLeaks has obtained the CIA's creation/last modification date for each page but these do not yet appear for technical reasons. Usually the date can be discerned or approximated from the content and the page order.
If it is critical to know the exact time/date contact WikiLeaks.
What is "Vault 7"
"Vault 7" is a substantial collection of material about CIA activities obtained by WikiLeaks.
When was each part of "Vault 7" obtained?
Part one was obtained recently and covers through 2016. Details on the other parts will be available at the time of publication.
Is each part of "Vault 7" from a different source?
Details on the other parts will be available at the time of publication.
What is the total size of "Vault 7"?
The series is the largest intelligence publication in history.
How did WikiLeaks obtain each part of "Vault 7"?
Sources trust WikiLeaks to not reveal information that might help identify them.
Isn't WikiLeaks worried that the CIA will act against its staff to stop the series?
No. That would be certainly counter-productive.
Has WikiLeaks already 'mined' all the best stories?
No. WikiLeaks has intentionally not written up hundreds of impactful stories to encourage others to find them and so create expertise in the area for subsequent parts in the series. They're there.
Look. Those who demonstrate journalistic excellence may be considered for early access to future parts.
Won't other journalists find all the best stories before me?
Unlikely. There are very considerably more stories than there are journalists or academics who are in a position to write them.
Before selecting the high-speed PCB material for your fast PCB plan, it is essential to decide a worth (or qualities) for DK and Z0 for your transmission line (or lines). Your high-speed PCB board structure programming may enable you to set these qualities and incorporate them as a component of the plan file(s) for your agreement maker (CM). If not, there are dk outlines and impedance mini-computers online to assist you with landing at the best possible qualities. Presently, you are prepared to actualize the 2-advance answer for your fast PCB structure material choices!submitted by MOKOTechnology to u/MOKOTechnology [link] [comments]
Stage 1: Select board material sortsPick material sort from types prescribed for high-recurrence PCBs. This incorporates choosing center, prepreg, and substrate materials. You might have the option to profit by half breed development, where sign layer material is picked for high recurrence. Yet, different layers may utilize different materials to diminish manufacturers’ costs.
Stage 2: Select board material thicknesses and copper loadsUtilize your determined or favored qualities for DK and Z0 to choose thickness and copper loads. Make sure to keep up impedance consistency all through sign ways. Your CM ought to be a piece of your material choice procedure as the board manufacture, and PCB gets together stages may expect adjustments to your determinations before your sheets can be made. Rhythm Automation, the industry head in quick, exact PCB model assembling, is prepared to band together with you and help you in upgrading the material determination process.
Also, to assist you with beginning on the best way, we outfit data for your DFM and empower you to see and download DRC documents effectively. In case you’re an Altium client, you can permanently add these documents to your PCB structure programming.
If you are prepared to have your plan made, attempt our statement device to transfer your CAD and BOM documents. If you need more data on a rapid PCB plan or making material determinations for your board, get in touch with MOKO Technology.
Impedance Matching in High-Speed PCB DesignIt isn’t predominantly to take a gander at the recurrence, yet the key is to take a gander at the steepness of the edge of the sign, that is, the ascent/fall time of the sign. It is commonly viewed as that if the ascent/fall time of the sign (in 10% to 90%) is under multiple times the wire delay, it is fast. The sign must focus on the issue of impedance coordinating. The wire delay is ordinarily 150ps/inch.
Standard Impedance Matching Method
1. Couple Terminal Matching:Under the condition that the sign source impedance is lower than the trademark impedance of the transmission line, a resistor R is associated in arrangement between the source end of the sign and the transmission line, so the yield impedance of the source end coordinates the trademark impedance of the transmission line, and the sign reflected from the heap end is stifled. Re-reflection happened.
2. Parallel Terminal Matching:For the situation where the impedance of the sign source is little, the info impedance of the heap end is coordinated with the trademark impedance of the transmission line by expanding the parallel obstruction, to wipe out the reflection at the heap end. The execution structure is isolated into two
Coordinating obstruction choice guideline: For the situation of a high information impedance of the chip, for a solitary opposition structure, the parallel opposition estimation of the heap terminal must be near or equivalent to the trademark impedance of the transmission line; for the double obstruction structure, each parallel obstruction esteem It is double the trademark impedance of the transmission line.
The benefit of parallel end coordinating is primary and straightforward. The notable drawback is that it will bring DC control utilization: the DC control utilization of the single obstruction mode is firmly identified with the obligation cycle of the sign; the binary opposition mode is whether the symptom is high or low. There is DC control utilization; however, the current is not precisely 50% of the single resistor. Moreover, high-speed PCB design guidelines are enough to guide you.
Calculate Trace Length From Time Delay Value For High Speed PCB DesignMaintaining high speed PCB design quality from the driver to the collector on the PCB is not an easy task. One of the most testing issues is dealing with the engendering deferral and relative time postpones bungles. To deal with the time delays, we have to realize how to figure follow length from time postpone an incentive to execute the PCB support steering as needs are. Let me show you the procedure. The high-frequency PCB design also requires selective material for PCB.
Finding a high Speed PCB DesignAs per material science, swift sign travels in a vacuum or through the air at a similar speed As light, which is. Looking for high speed PCB design: According to materials science, electromagnetic signals travel in a vacuum or in the air at a speed similar to that of light, that is: Vc = 3 x 108 m/s = 186,000 miles/s = 11.8 inches/ns Due to the influence of the dielectric constant (Er) of the PCB material, the signal passes through the PCB transmission line at a slower speed. In addition, the transmission line structure also affects signal speed.
There are two general PCB follow structures:
Vc is the speed of light in a vacuum or through the air
Er is the dielectric steady of the PCB material
Ereffis the compelling dielectric consistent for microstrips; it’s worth lies among one and Er, and is roughly given by:
Ereff≈ (0.64 Er+ 0.36) (1c)
Figuring engendering delay (TPD)The spread deferral is the time a sign takes to increase over a unit length of the transmission line.
Here is how we determine the diffusion delay from the following lengths and other methods: Where: symbol speed relative to the transmission line In a vacuum or air, it rises to 85 picoseconds per inch (ps/ In).
May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: 2019-05-10 8:28:09 140152212965120 [ERROR] InnoDB: Page [page id: space=6134, page number=3] log sequence number 10957055201 is in the future! Current system log sequence number 10895524294. May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: 2019-05-10 8:28:09 140152212965120 [ERROR] InnoDB: Your database may be corrupt or you may have copied the InnoDB tablespace but not the InnoDB log files. Please refer to https://mariadb.com/kb/en/library/ innodb-recovery-modes/ for information about forcing recovery. May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: 2019-05-10 08:28:09 0x7f77bade4700 InnoDB: Assertion failure in file /home/buildbot/buildbot/padding_for_CPACK_RPM_BUILD_SOURCE_DIRS_PREFIX/mariadb-10.2.24/storage/innobase/log/log0recv.cc line 1653 May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: InnoDB: Failing assertion: !page || (ibool)!!page_is_comp(page) == dict_table_is_comp(index->table) May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: InnoDB: We intentionally generate a memory trap. May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: InnoDB: Submit a detailed bug report to https://jira.mariadb.org/ May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: InnoDB: If you get repeated assertion failures or crashes, even May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: InnoDB: immediately after the mysqld startup, there may be May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: InnoDB: corruption in the InnoDB tablespace. Please refer to May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: InnoDB: https://mariadb.com/kb/en/library/innodb-recovery-modes/ May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: InnoDB: about forcing recovery. May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: 190510 8:28:09 [ERROR] mysqld got signal 6 ; May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: This could be because you hit a bug. It is also possible that this binary May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: or one of the libraries it was linked against is corrupt, improperly built, May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: or misconfigured. This error can also be caused by malfunctioning hardware. May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: To report this bug, see https://mariadb.com/kb/en/reporting-bugs May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: We will try our best to scrape up some info that will hopefully help May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: diagnose the problem, but since we have already crashed, May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: something is definitely wrong and this may fail. May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: Server version: 10.2.24-MariaDB-log May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: key_buffer_size=67108864 May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: read_buffer_size=8388608 May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: max_used_connections=0 May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: max_threads=152 May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: thread_count=0 May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: It is possible that mysqld could use up to May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: key_buffer_size + (read_buffer_size + sort_buffer_size)*max_threads = 2559123 K bytes of memory May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: Hope that's ok; if not, decrease some variables in the equation. May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: Thread pointer: 0x0 May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: Attempting backtrace. You can use the following information to find out May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: where mysqld died. If you see no messages after this, something went May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: terribly wrong... May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: stack_bottom = 0x0 thread_stack 0x49000 May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx systemd: mariadb.service: control process exited, code=exited status=1xxxxxxxxxThis part:
May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: This could be because you hit a bug. It is also possible that this binary May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: or one of the libraries it was linked against is corrupt, improperly built, May 10 08:28:09 xxxxxxxxx sh: or misconfigured. This error can also be caused by malfunctioning hardware.
# MANAGED BY PUPPET ## ## DO NOT EDIT MANUALLY ## # # These groups are read by MariaDB server. # Use it for options that only the server (but not clients) should see # # See the examples of server my.cnf files in /usshare/mysql/ # # this is read by the standalone daemon and embedded servers [server] [mysqld_safe] log-error=/valog/mariadb/mariadb.log pid-file=/varun/mariadb/mysqld.pid open_files_limit = 3200 # this is only for the mysqld standalone daemon [mysqld] innodb_log_checksums = ON general_log = 1 general_log_file = /valog/mysql/mysql.log log_error=/valog/mysql/mysql_error.log character-set-server=utf8 collation-server=utf8_general_ci # # * Galera-related settings # [galera] wsrep_on=ON wsrep_provider=/uslib64/galera/libgalera_smm.so wsrep_cluster_address='gcomm://x.x.x.x,y.y.y.y' wsrep_cluster_name='zzzzzzzz' wsrep_node_address='x.x.x.x' wsrep_node_name='aaaaaaaaa.bbbbbb.com' wsrep_sst_method=rsync_wan wsrep_sst_auth=root:***************** wsrep_debug=OFF wsrep_retry_autocommit=4 wsrep_slave_threads=4 wsrep_certify_nonPK=1 #wsrep_sst_auth=bot:******************* wsrep_provider_options = "evs.keepalive_period = PT3S; evs.suspect_timeout = PT30S; evs.inactive_timeout = PT1M; evs.install_timeout = PT1M; evs.join_retrans_period=PT0.5S; gcache.size=1024M; gmcast.segment=0 " wsrep_max_ws_rows=131072 wsrep_max_ws_size=1073741824 wsrep_convert_LOCK_to_trx=0 wsrep_auto_increment_control=1 wsrep_causal_reads=0 wsrep_log_conflicts=1 # binlog_format=row default_storage_engine=InnoDB innodb_autoinc_lock_mode=2 # # Allow server to accept connections on all interfaces. # bind-address=0.0.0.0 # # Optional setting #wsrep_slave_threads=1 innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit=2 [sst] compressor="gzip" decompressor="gzip -dc" rebuild=ON compact=ON # this is only for embedded server [embedded] # This group is only read by MariaDB servers, not by MySQL. # If you use the same .cnf file for MySQL and MariaDB, # you can put MariaDB-only options here [mariadb] datadir=/data/db/customers socket=/valib/mysql/mysql.sock user=mysql innodb_buffer_pool_size = 512M innodb_buffer_pool_instances = 1 innodb_file_per_table = ON ###innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:100M:autoextend ## TO BE TUNED PER SERVER innodb_read_io_threads=4 innodb_write_io_threads=4 innodb_doublewrite=1 innodb_log_file_size=512M innodb_log_buffer_size=64M innodb_buffer_pool_instances=8 innodb_log_files_in_group=2 innodb_thread_concurrency=64 # innodb_file_format = barracuda innodb_flush_method = O_DIRECT # innodb_locks_unsafe_for_binlog = 1 innodb_autoinc_lock_mode=2 ## avoid statistics update when doing e.g show tables innodb_stats_on_metadata=0 default_storage_engine=innodb max_connections = 150 max_user_connections = 15 thread_concurrency = 8 key_buffer_size = 64M myisam_sort_buffer_size = 16M join_buffer_size = 8M read_buffer_size = 8M sort_buffer_size = 8M max_allowed_packet = 64M table_cache = 100 table_open_cache = 2000 thread_cache_size = 16 wait_timeout = 120 connect_timeout = 10 interactive_timeout = 20 max_connect_errors = 20 query_cache_type = 1 query_cache_limit = 256k query_cache_min_res_unit = 2k query_cache_size = 80M #skip_name_resolve slow-query-log = 1 long_query_time = 5 slow-query-log-file = /valog/mariadb/mariadb-slow.log tmp_table_size= 64M max_heap_table_size= 64MMySQL/MariaDb are not my strength, I have borrowed concepts, read and followed advice when it seemed appropriate, feel free to advise, please.
What is automated binary options trading? Automated binary options trading is the process of using a sophisticated software that will make intelligent trades for you. This is done with the use of various signals and the system will trade at the levels, and the types of assets you tell it to. While you are performing other tasks and duties, the ... Automated Binary is a relatively new automated binary options trading system. As with any new system, there may be some hesitation as to whether this system is an accurate and legit or perhaps a scam like so many other trading platforms. In our following review, we will rate this system and give you our honest Binary options signals are suitable for beginners and experienced traders. Thanks to our experience, strategy and analysis, the profitability from positions opened using our signals is over 50% per month to the deposit. All you have to do is go through a free registration, then you will get access to our signals and detailed statistics for free and be able to make money with us. If you still ... Binary options signals are alerts that are used to trade binary options contracts, which have been derived after analysis of the underlying asset to be traded. When compared with its forex counterparts, binary signals are still at an early stage. But as the number of traders increases, and newer software applications and tools are developed, we will begin to see increased usage of signals for ... Automated Binary Options Signals; Manual Binary Options Signals: Manual signals are provided by humans. They are usually trading experts who constantly monitor the market and look out for openings. Mainly, experts carry out technical and fundamental analysis and follow the market closely for spotting entry and exit points. Then they backtest the signal before sending it to their clients ... Trading in binary options is not a guessing game, and it is not about luck. Instead, it is about careful analysis of financial assets to make informed decisions. Not every trader has the time or the skills to do this analysis though. This is why binary options signals are so important. They are created by Answer: Auto Binary Signals (ABS) is the #1 binary options trading solution, it filters through thousands of potential market opportunities in real time and only alerts you when the predicted probability of success is at least over 80%.It generates trading signals based on a sophisticated strategy using numerous indicators and rules, depending on higher or lower success rate of these ... Basic Signals. Binary options trading signals that are communicated to you via email with the aim of increasing your ability to profit from trades. These types refer to specific trades and will advise the user whether to "put" or "call" and can often be forwarded by text if required. Signals in this format are less complex than alternatives and can yield impressive profits. Free Signals. Some ... Binary options signals and trading options need to be classified and/or organized in lines according to the different types of the aforementioned assets. Traders should only utilize those signals which are in accordance with the type of assets that hold their interest. For example, a trader who has chose to trade those stocks will best profit using signals such as those provided by Pepsi ... In essence, SignalPush is a binary options social and automated copy trading platform that can link with a number of top brokers and be used to manage your account. The platform is a free down load but in order to use it to it’s fullest you will have to pay for signals. Each provider, vetted by the company, comes with a monthly fee but don’t worry, there is a way to get at least one free ...
[index]          
/download mt2 automation tool here =====https://www.mt2trading.com/?ref=850 you can use the trial version only on demo accounts if you have an accurate ... Auto Binary Signals EA - Review and Gudelines on How to use the Signals. - Duration: 15:51. Real Binary Options Reviews 39,508 views. 15:51. Visual Basic .Net : Search in Access Database ... Binary Options Robot - Automated Binary Options Trading Using Binary Option Robot Test Binary Options Robot here - http://track.logic.expert/67b0b668-c6a4-42... When a put or call signal is generated, and if automatic trading is set up with MT2IQ it will automatically trade on the binary platform (supports only IQ Option). There is a variety of ... Binary Option Robot is an automated software that trades automatically the binary options following automatic binary options signals. The signals are provided by indicators and the tarding signals ... Recd Signal Alert 60 Secound Before-IQ Option Indicator Guaranteed Non Repaint MT4 Free Download🔥🔥🔥 - Duration: 11:44. AM Trading Tips 9,572 views 11:44 Hello Trader Toady i will share you "Best Binary Option Auto Signal Indicator" Characteristics of Indicator 1. Platform - Metatrader4. 2. Asset - Show On Ind... Automated copy trading Binary options trading signals Hi! I'm Lady Trader and today I'm gonna show you how can you copy me in pocket option. More my binary... Hi everybody! In this video we show you and overview on how to trade automatically on your IQ Option account through MT2 Trading Platform Binary Options Robo... Bot Cross Bot Download: https://bit.ly/crossbot-iqoption Store Binary Bot : https://robotbinarysignals.ecwid.com/ Free Signals : https://bit.ly/signalbinaryo...